Southeastern Europe is an ancient landscape and one that has been climbing its way to recognition in the last decades following the turmoil of the Balkan conflicts. A country of great heritage and sensational culture is Bulgaria. Its capital city of Sofia possesses modern and ancient wonders both and it is a city with a beautiful natural setting that is becoming more and more explored in recent years.
Changing of the Guard
This occurs on the hour outside the complex of presidential and state palaces in the heart of Sofia. This occurs at the Atanas Burov Plaza.
Ivan Vasov National Theater
The Ivan Vazov National Theatre is Bulgaria’s national theatre, as well as the oldest and most authoritative theatre in the country and one of the important landmarks of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria.
The Sofia Synagogue is the largest synagogue in Southeastern Europe, one of two functioning in Bulgaria and one of the largest in Europe. The synagogue was officially opened on 9 September 1909.
Vitosha is a serious mountain and offers a variety of walking routes, from short strolls to long treks. The obvious point to aim for is Cherni Vrah, the highest point of the massif. There are several possible approaches; the western path takes you through varied scenery and skirts an area of protected bog. Other targets are the stone rivers (huge ‘streams’ of boulders) near Zlatni Mostove, and the impressive Boyana Waterfall, directly uphill from Boyana Church.
Alexander Nevski Cathedral
The gold-domed Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was built in the early 20th century in memory of the 200,000 Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian and Bulgarian soldiers, who died in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878. It is one of the largest Eastern Orthodox cathedrals in the world. The cathedral’s gold-plated dome is 45 m high, with the bell tower reaching 50.52 m.
The Rotunda of St. George
The Church of St George is a late Roman rotunda dated from 4th century situated in the courtyard of the Sheraton Sofia Hotel. It was constructed with red bricks and is considered the oldest building in Sofia. It is known for its Medieval frescoes in the central dome dating from 12-14th centuries.
St. Nedelya Church
St Nedelya is a medieval church that has suffered destruction through the ages and has been reconstructed many times. It was razed in the assault in 1925 that claimed over 150 victims. After the assault, the church was restored to its modern appearance. Today St Nedelya is a cathedral of the Sofia bishopri
The Mall Sophia
The Mall, Sofia, is the largest shopping mall in Bulgaria. Opened in spring 2010 by Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, the Mall has a total built area of 65,000 square metres (700,000 sq ft) on six storeys, three of which are underground. It contains 185 shops, restaurants, recreations centres, bars, cafeterias and parking capacity
National Palace of Culture
The National Palace of Culture cultural and congressional centre — the largest multifunctional complex in Southeastern Europe, inaugurated in 1981 and situated in a lush green park surroundings.
National Art Gallery
This is the former Royal Palace of Sophia and it now houses over 50,000 pieces of Bulgarian art and the building itself is an architectural marvel and attraction. For lovers of medieval art and iconography it offers the finest collections of Bulgaria’s long heritage in this tradition.