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There are two major border points through which most travelers to Mainland China and Hong Kong cross the border. These are:
On the Hong Kong side one is on the North End of the New Territories region and on the China side one is in the bustling city of Shenzhen: China’s capital of fashion, shopping and production.
Assuming one has the visa in order or the visa application if getting one at the border, (see if the possibility exists based on your citizenship). The crossing runs smoothly and is easily navigable with signs in various languages.
Lo Wu is connected directly to the East Rail line on the Hong Kong MTR, making it a smooth ride into Hong Kong Central and beyond. On the Shenzhen side the bus station and metro is right across the border so one can move around this city no problem. This border is not open 24 hours a day and that can be the only real inconvenience. Hours are from 06:30 till 24:00.
Is served as well by East rail line MTR trains on the Hong Kong side and Connected to buses and the Shenzhen Metro line 4 on the China side. This border crossing is open 24 hours and since it is for vehicles as well, most buses running from Shenzhen to Hong Kong central and airport utilize this crossing. When crossing in a shuttle van doors are simply slid open for a quick visual inspection while documents are verified. These are two of five crossings between Hong Kong and mainland China but they are by far the most popular, expedient and well served by public transit. Tourists can expect around 40 minutes for the whole immigration process to transpire outside of peak times.
There is a direct train which does not stop at the Shenzhen border, Immigration is done at the departing station. It runs between Guangzhou East station to Hung Hom station in Hong Kong. It is a two hour journey overall. There is said to be a high speed train plan in the works in a few years that will connect Guangzhou South directly to downtown Kowloon which would be a forty minute ride total.
For being one of the world’s busiest and more fascinating borders, getting through is quite an efficient and pleasant experience.